Ghana West Coast is a nature lover’s paradise. The area is full of hills, valleys, evergreen forests, bamboo forests, conservation areas, protected wetlands, forested islands, lakes, lagoons, ponds, swamps, ocean, beaches, coves, bays, rocky peninsulas, rock formations, monkey sanctuaries, and bird sanctuaries.
In the region with the highest rainfall in Ghana, lush greenery constantly meets the eye. The area is home to the last remaining coastal rainforest in West Africa, Cape Three Points Forest Reserve.
Spectacular tropical plants abound – more than 800 species of them, such as various kinds of ferns, lilies and Vosccia cuspidata, the floating grass of the Amansuri wetlands. Many of the plant species can be used for medicinal purposes. Various crops are grown on a commercial scale: hence, there are many plantations of oil palm, coconut palm, rubber and cocoa, in the area. There are also numerous smallholder farms, nurturing crops such as corn, cassava, sugarcane, pineapple, tomatoes and pepper.
From elephants to antelopes, from crocodiles to squirrels, animals also abound in Ghana West Coast! There are more than 48 mammal species present, including several species of monkeys, like Spot-nosed Monkey and Campbell’s Monkey. There are also over 200 different bird species (including the Spot Breasted Ibis and Crowned Eagle). There is also a wide variety of fish and shellfish, including swordfish, tuna, cassava fish, kingfish, barracuda and shrimps.
During the months August to March, Ghana West Coast hosts three species of Marine Turtles: Olive Ridley, Leatherback, and Green turtles. The peak turtle nesting season is from October to December. Dolphins and whales (including the humpback and sperm whales) are occasionally seen between October and February.